Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas does not produce any insulin. Insulin is an important hormone that helps your body to control the level of glucose (sugar) in your blood.
Our bodies produce sugar and also get sugar from foods like bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, milk and fruit. Without insulin, sugar builds up in your blood instead of being used for energy.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injected into the body and a healthy lifestyle.
The cause of type 1 diabetes remains unknown. It’s not caused by eating too much sugar and is not preventable. Researchers believe that that type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the cells that make insulin.
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes can develop quickly. Most people with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed in childhood and early adulthood, but it can appear at any age.
You can manage type 1 diabetes by:
Information taken from https://www.diabetes.ca/en-CA/recently-diagnosed/type-1-toolkit
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In the past, almost all people who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were (older) adults. As a result, the condition was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), or adult-onset diabetes.
However, type 2 diabetes is now being diagnosed in teenagers and children. This may be related to a higher body weight or increasing obesity.
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still makes insulin. However, either the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot properly use the insulin that is being released (known as insulin resistance). In either case, this causes blood sugar levels to increase, with the body not able to use the sugar that is in the blood.
Some people with type 2 diabetes can manage their diabetes with exercise and a healthy diet, while others will also require oral medication (pills). If these treatments do not work, insulin injections might also be required.
Information taken from https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1718&language=English