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Anatomy of the HeartThe heart has four chambers. The two upper chambers are called the left and right atriums, and the two lower chambers are called the left and right ventricles. There is a valve at the exit of each chamber that ensures one-way continuous flow of blood through the heart. The four valves are the tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, mitral valve and aortic valve. These valves open and close to prevent blood from flowing backwards.
StenosisStenosis is when the valve opening becomes narrow and restricts blood flow.
CausesValvular heart disease can develop before or at birth (congenital causes) or normal valves may become damaged during one’s lifetime (acquired causes). The cause of valvular heart disease is not always known.
SymptomsMany people do not notice any symptoms until their blood flow has been significantly reduced by valvular heart disease. Symptoms can include:
TreatmentTreatment will depend on the severity of your disease! If it’s minor, you may not need treatment at all. You and your doctor will discuss your options based on your condition. Options include: