Wilson Disease

UKNOW’s Docs Diagnosis Wilson Disease

What is Wilson disease?

Wilson disease is a genetic disorder that allows copper to build up in the body and cause damage.

Our body needs a small amount of copper

To work well, our body needs a small amount copper. Copper is a metallic element. It helps keep the immune system healthy, build strong bones and form red blood cells. We absorb copper from a variety of food such a nuts, seeds, oysters and liver. Normally, our bodies regularly dispose of copper to prevent it from accumulating in the body.

Too much copper damages the tissues

Some children are unable to get rid of copper. This inability is a disorder called Wilson disease. The excess copper is stored in the main organs, such as the liver, brain, kidneys and eyes. In the liver, extra copper causes damage and scarring. This causes the liver to stop working correctly.

Signs and symptoms of Wilson disorder

Symptoms are more likely in children 10 years and older. In Wilson disease, copper usually accumulates in the liver and brain. This is why symptoms are mainly liver disease and neurological problems.

Upper body of a child with brain and liver identified

Symptoms of liver disease

  • tiredness
  • yellow skin (jaundice) or yellow colour of the white of the eyes
  • enlargement of the abdomen
  • vomiting blood

Symptoms of neurological problems

Discussion (0)

There are no comments for this doc yet.

Comment posting has been disabled on this doc.